Night Rating Courses


Visual Flight Rules require that pilots flying VFR maintain visual contact with the ground at all times and that they only fly during daylight hours. For pilots holding a PPL without a valid instrument rating, this precludes flight during the hours of darkness.

The Night Rating may be added to the Canadian Private Pilot License and allows a rated pilot to fly under VFR during the hours of darkness, provided that certain conditions are met.

Transport Canada Requirements to Obtain the Night Rating

The Night Rating does not permit flight into cloud, and flight must be conducted with visual reference to the ground. However, flight is often conducted without a clearly discernable horizon, and navigation may have to be conducted with reduced ground references. Furthermore, there is an increased risk of inadvertent flight into Instrument Meteorological Conditions (IMC) when flying at night due to an inability to clearly see clouds. Canadian Aviation Regulations (CARS) therefore specify that the following requirements must be satisfied to obtain a Night Rating:

  1. TrainingThe candidate must have completed a minimum of 10 hours of dual instrument flight instruction and 10 hours of night flying (5 hrs dual, including 2 hrs of dual night cross country, and 5 hrs solo) prior to being granted the Night Rating.
  2. ExperienceThe candidate must hold a valid and current Canadian Private Pilot License.
  3. Skill and KnowledgeThere is no flight test or written examination required. The candidate must demonstrate to a licensed flight instructor that he/she has adequate knowledge and skill to:
    1. control and operate the aircraft under simulated instrument conditions,
    2. fly the aircraft under Night VMC conditions, and
    3. navigate by dead reckoning or pilotage with reduced ground references, with ability to use radio navigational aids or GPS as supplementary navigational aids

    The flight instructor may then recommend the candidate for the Night Rating.

Night Rating – Ground Instruction

While Transport Canada has not established a ground school requirement for the Night Rating, there is a knowledge requirement for issuance of the rating that is best met through ground instruction. Ground instruction for the Night Rating will consist of a three-hour multi-media classroom session that covers the following topics:

  • Instrument Flying Review
  • Night Rating Requirements
  • Aero medical Considerations
  • Required Equipment for Night VFR
  • Aerodrome Lighting
  • Ground and Flight Operations
  • Night Circuits
  • Night Cross Country
  • Night Emergencies

Send Email
3390 Airport Road, Penticton, BC,
V2A 8X1, Canada